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《Chinese Journal of Geophysics》 1992-03
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SHEAR-WAVE POLARIZATION AND CRACK INDUCED ANISOTROPY OF UPPER CRUST IN LULONG, NORTH CHINA

YAO CHEN(Institute of Geology, State Seismological Bureau, Beijing 100029)WANG PEI-DE CHEN YUN-TAI(Institute of Geophysics, State Seismological Bureau, Beijing 100081)  
We have used a temporal network consisting of three-component digital seismographs to record aftershock sequence of the Lulong, Hepei Province, China, earthquake of October 19, 1982, (Ms = 6.1). Polarization of shear-wave is analysed by using particle motion diagram. It is demonstrated that the shear wave splitting exists at all seismic stations within shear-wave window. For different azimuths and take-off angles, the horizontal projections of faster shear-wave polarization present a dominent azimuth of polarization of about NE40°. This azimuth is different from the shear-wave polarization pattern determined from two groups of fault planes in Lulong earthquake sequence if the anisotropy is not taken into account. The stress-induced crack alignments in the propagation media can be used to explain this discrepancy. The observation presented in this study exhibits the existance of extensive dilatancy anisotropy (EDA) in upper crust of the Lulong, North China, area and demonstrates that the orientation of the vertical parallel-aligned cracks and the regional horizontal maximum compression is about NE40°.
【Fund】: 地震科学联合基金
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