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《Chinese Journal of Geophysics》 1997-06
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BROADBAND SEISMIC ARRAY STUDY OF THE CRUST AND UPPER MANTLE VELOCITY STRUCTURE BENEATH YANHUAI BASIN AND ITS NEIGHBOURING REGION

Liu Qi-Yuan; Li Shun-Cheng; Shen Yang; Chen Jiu-Hui (Institute of Geology, State Seismological Bureau, Beijing 100029, China)  
A portable broadband seismic array consisted of 15 GDS-1000 seismic stations was deployed in the Yanhuai basin and itS neighboring region tO investigate the fine velocity struCtUre of the crust and upper mantlee beneath the arry. The spacing between stations is about 5-10km. By means of the nonlinear receiver function inversion technique (Liu etC. 1996) the S wave velocity structures of the crust and upper mantle beneath the stations have been obtained from the broadband teleseismic P waveforms recorded by our seismic array. In this study the 3-D crustal velocity model beneath the array is also given by using the computer tomographic display technique. Our results show that the crust is about 40 km thick in the Yanhuai basin and its neighbouring region. The crust-mantle boundary has a up-down undulation of about 4 km. The sedimentS is about I kin thick in the center of the Yanqing basin,and it becomes thinner along the directions to the basin's borders. The upper crust structute beneath the investigated area is quite complicated and the lower crust and upper mantle are relatively simple. An obvious feature of the upper crust is that at the depth of 10 tri exists a low velocity layer, which extends to the depth from 6 to 20 fan under the Yanqing basin. In the southern side of the basin this low velocity layer becomes weak along the direction from the west tO the east. The locations of earthquakes occurred in the investigated area from January of 1985 to September of 1990 show that these eventS are distributed mainly around the low velocity body of the upper crust and its neighbouring region. It could be inferred from thes Phenomenon that the seismic activity of the Yanqing basin is related closely to the thermic status within the crust.
【Fund】: 国家科委和国家地震局联合资助
【CateGory Index】: P315
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