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《Chinese Journal of Geophysics》 1998-03
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VELOCITIES AND ATTENUATION OF P-AND S-WAVES AND THEIR ANISOTROPIES IN SERPENTINITE AND AMPHIBOLITE UNDER DIFFERENT P-T CONDITIONS

LIU BIN;GE NING-JIE (Department of Earth and Space sciences, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei 230026, China;Advanced Research Center for Geoscience and Astronomy, Third World Academy of Science, Hefei 230026, China)H.KERN;T. POPP (Mine  
Velocities and Q values of P-and S-waves had been measured for an amphibolite and a serpentinite under different pressures and temperatures. Both rocks show a strong lattice prefered orientation (LPO) of the major minerals hornblende and antigorite. Velocities and Q values increase with pressure, with the rate being different in the three orthogonal directions (normal and parallel to foliation and lineation) and closely related to the progressive closure of microcracks. Increase of temperature under600MPa's confining pressure up to more than 600oC decreases velocihes and Q values only slightly since thermal cracking is prevented by the pressure. The anisotropy of velocities and Q values of P- and S-waves in both rocks is found to be different by nature. The anisotropy of wave velocities is the highest at low confining pressures and is caused by oriented microcracks and the LPO of major minerals. Increase of confining pressure decreases the velocity anisotropy at a smaller and smaller rate. The residual anisotropy of velocities under high confining pressures is mainly caused by preferred mineral orientation. By contrast,the anisotropy of Q is very small under low pressures and markedly enhanced as confining pressure increases. Under high pressures,the anisotropy of Qp is reversed from that of P-wave velocities:Qp is the highest whereas Vp is the lowest in the direction normal to the foliation. The generation of the pronounced anisotropy of Qp by increasing pressure is due to the directional dependent increase of contact areas on the oriented grain boundaries of the platy minerals forming the foliation plane. The increase of Q with confining pressure in the direction normal to foliation plane is a result of the decrease of damping caused by compressive strain related to that caused by shear strain. The reverse is true for X and Y directions parallel to foliation plane in sepentinite and X direction parallel to lineation in amphibolite.
【Fund】: 德国洪堡基金;;中国科技大学青年基金
【CateGory Index】: P588.323
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