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《Chinese Journal of Geophysics》 2001-04
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OBSERVATION EXAMPLES OF THE NEUTRAL ATMOSPHERE LIFTING DURING THEMOSPHERIC MAGNETIC STORMS

SHEN CHANG SHOU\ \ ZI MIN YUN (Department of Geophysics, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China) WANG YING JIAN\ \ XU JI YAO (Laboratory of Space Weather, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100080, China) [  
Using the neutral atmospheric data of number density radio of n (He)/ n (N 2) and n (O)/ n (N 2), from the satellite AE D we analyse their variations during magnetic storms in November, 1975. The results indicate that the response of atmospheric constituents to the geomagnetic heating is basically coincided with that expected from related theory. The lifting of the neutral atmosphere with higher proportion of heavier constituents (such as N 2 and Ar) leads to a relative decrease of the concentration of lighter constituents (such as He and O). The ratio of n (He)/ n (N 2) decreases by about one order of magnitude at 150km, while n (Ar)/ n (N 2) increases by a little more than one order of magnitude, as compared with that during magnetic quiet day. The variation of number density ratio varies with altitude, but their developing tendencies with storm time at different heights are similar. [
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金九五重大项目 ( 49990 4 55)
【CateGory Index】: P353
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