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《Chinese Journal of Geophysics》 2002-02
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PRESENT-TIME CRUSTAL DEFORMATION IN CHINA AND ITS SURROUNDING REGIONS BY GPS

WANG XIAO YA 1) \ ZHU WEN YAO 1) \ FU YANG 1,2) \ YOU XIN ZHAO 3) WANG QI 3) \ CHENG ZONG YI 1) \ REN JIN WEI 4) 1) Shanghai Astronomical Observatory, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 200030, China 2) Xi an Insti  
Applying recent 10 year GPS measurement data from several nationside GPS networks, serveral regional GPS monitoring networks and the Asia Pacific Regional Geodetic Project (APRGP), we give out a combined and consistent velocity field solution in ITRF97 by rotation transformation of regional GPS network results. In order to study the characteristics of present time intra plate crustal deformation of China, we have constructed a new present time plate motion model named ITRF97VEL. The model can better describe present time features of global plate motion than the geological model NNR NUVEL1A. Based on ITRF97VEL, deformation velocities of more than 260 GPS sites are determined. The results show that the crustal motion is very inhomogenous. The crustal deformation in the west of China is far stronger and more complicated than that in the east of China, taking the N S seismic belt of China as a boundary. The deformation velocity gradually reduces from south to north in the west of China by energy release in several W E direction arc suture zones. The Qinghai Xizang plateau is shortening in north south direction and extending in west east direction due to the strong shove of Indian plate. The shortening of about 15mm/a and 9\_13mm/a is accommodated across Himalayan block and the west Tianshan, respectively. Between the longitudes of 80°E to 91°E in southern Tibet, there is E W extension of 20.2±1.2mm/a. The slip rates of KJFZ in south Qinghai Xizang plateau and Altun Tahg fault are 2\_3 mm/a and 4\_6mm/a, respectively. Our GPS results indicate that there is a shortening of less than 7 mm/a within the Longmen shan. These results support the supposition of crustal thickening. [
【Fund】: 国家重点基础研究发展项目 (G1 9980 4 0 70 3);; 国家自然科学基金资助 ( 4 0 1 74 0 0 9);; 中国科学院基础研究重 大项目 (KJ95 1 -1 -30 4 );; 上海市科学技术发展基金项目 (JC1 4 0 1 2 )
【CateGory Index】: P312
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