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《Chinese Journal of Geophysics》 2002-03
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NUMERICAL SIMULATION OF ENERGY BUDGET DISTRIBU- TION AND ITS SEASONAL VARIATION IN CHINA MAINLAND AND SEA AREAS

ZHOU MING YU 1) \ LI SHI MING 1) QIAN FEN LAN 1) \ CHEN ZHI 1) \ SU LI RONG 1) YUAN YAO CHU 2) \ PAN XIAO LING 3) 1) National Center for Marine Environmental Forecasts, Beijing 100081, China 2) Second Institute of  
The monthly mean values of energy budget, air temperature, specific humidity and wind vector at 10m over China mainland and sea areas for 1998 were calculated based on Goddard Earth Observing Data Assimilation System, NASA, United States. The results show that the largest net radiation of surface short wave appears in summer (July) in central areas of Xinjiang and Xizang, the magnitude in the high value central area reaches 275W/m 2. The largest net radiation appears in spring (April) in Yellow Sea and East China Sea, its maximum value is about 250W/m 2. The largest net radiation of the surface long wave appears in summer (July) in northwestern China, the value of the central area is 125W/m 2, and it appears in winter (January) in near China sea areas, the value is 75-100W/m 2. The latent heat flux in near China sea areas in winter (January) is higher than that in other months, its value in the central area occurs in southwestern, northern and northeastern China, its value is 125W/m 2. The calculation results of monthly mean energy budget illustrate that the net flux is transferred from ocean to atmosphere in winter (January) in Yellow Sea and East China Sea, and conversely in summer (July). The net flux value is positive in summer in Xinjiang and the central area of Xizang Plateau. The comprehensive analysis for distributions of temperature, humidity and wind vector shows that the water vapour is transported distinctly in summer from South China Sea to eastern China area and from Bay of Bengal to India subcontinent. The water vapour in southwestern area of Xizang comes from its southwestern direction.
【Fund】: 国家重点基金项目 (4 973 62 0 0 );; 国家自然科学基金项目 (4 0 0 75 0 0 1 );; 国家 973项目 (G1 9990 43 5 0 3 )、;; 国家攀登B项目 (TIPEX)资助
【CateGory Index】: P434
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