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《Chinese Journal of Geophysics》 2003-02
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SPATIAL-TEMPORAL CHARACTERISTICS OF ACOUSTIC EMISSION OF ROCKSAMPLE WITH REGULAR FAULT AND A COLUMNAR BARRIER DURINGDEFORMATION

JIANG HAIKUN 1 MA SHENGLI 2 ZHANG LIU 2 CAO WENHAI 1 HOU HAIFENG 11 Seismological Bureau of Shandong Province, Ji′nan 250014, China 2 Institute of Geology, Laboratory of Tectonophysics, China Seismological Bureau, Beijing 100029, China  
A physical model of regular fault containing a columnar barrier is designed, which can conceptually be used to simulate the barrier or strong area concerning the earthquake pregnancy. Biaxial compression experiment on middle-size rock sample with a regular fault and a columnar barrier is carried out, and the spatial-temporal characteristics of acoustic emission(AE) is studied. Results show that (1) Due to the complex actions between the hanging wall and lower wall, as well as the barrier, an alternate AE activity in different areas becomes the most remarkable feature during deformation process of the sample. (2) The pre-condition for instability of regular fault containing a barrier is that the barrier should be failed firstly with the increase of the loading. Very different AE spatial-temporal features are shown before and after the barrier failure. (3) The total deformation amount of this sample is larger and its cumulated AE frequency increases exponentially. During the later weaken period, there are only a few AE events in barrier and surrounding area. Abrupt instability happens under such a relative quiet background. (4) The values of b of G-R relationship for different pre-setting tectonic patterns have some obvious differences, the regional differences of b value related to different tectonics are remarkable.
【Fund】: 国家“十五”科技攻关计划子专题 (2 0 0 1 0 4BA60 1B0 1 - 0 4 - 0 1 );; 地震联合基金项目 (1 0 2 0 37)的部分成果 .
【CateGory Index】: P315
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