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《Chinese Journal of Geophysics》 2004-03
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AN IONOSPHERIC STORM DURING THE PERIOD OF A VERY STRONG MAGNETIC STORM IN MARCH 1989

SHEN Chang Shou 1 ZI Min Yun 1 WANG Jin Song 1 XU Ji Yao 2 1 School of Earth and Space Sciences, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China 2 Laboratory of Space Weather, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100080, China  
The morphology and its variations of an ionospheric storm related with a very strong magnetic storm on 12 th ~16 th March, 1989 are examined, using the ionosonde data obtained at stations in European and Asian areas. The strong ionospheric disturbances caused by the significant magnetic storm appeared on the whole world. Since the storm heating intensities at the lower thermosphere resulting from energetic particles precipitated from the magnetosphere are different from area to area, the features of the ionospheric storm are also discrepant in different longitudinal chain regions. As compared with deduction from the theory, there was no “positive” storm period of N max F 2 (or f 0F 2) in Europe, while the developing tendency of the “negative” storm from high to low latitudes was consistent well with the result deduced from the thermospheric circulation. Moreover, at the mid and low latitude areas there was an evident wavelike process. On the other hand, at the high latitude of the Asian meridian there was a “positive” storm lasted ~10 h on March 13 th in the early stage of the magnetic storm. As to the feature of the “negative” storm, it was similar to that in Europe, but not as distinct as there. Besides, there was no wavelike phenomenon at the Asian area. During the magnetic storm in the mid and low latitude areas along a same meridian one can also see the nighttime simultaneous sudden enhancement of h 'F. It is proved once more that this is a universal phenomenon during a magnetic storm.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金项目 (40 3740 58;40 1 340 2 0和 40 2 2 50 1 1 );; 国家重点基础研究专项经费 (G2 0 0 0 0 7840 7)
【CateGory Index】: P352
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