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《Chinese Journal of Geophysics》 2005-04
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Lasting time of El Nio and circulation anomaly

YANG Hui~1, LI Chong-Yin~(1,2)1 State Key Laboratory of Numerical Modeling for Atmospheric Sciences and Geophysical Fluid Dynamics,Institute of Atmospheric Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100029, China2 Meteorological College, PLA University of Science and Technology, Nanjing 211101, China  
Composite circulation is studied for long-lasting and short-lasting El Nio events. The result shows that the low-level wind and high-level velocity potential anomalies are quite different in the occurring, developing and vanishing of the two El Nio events. The result also reveals the key anomalous circulation for the occurring and vanishing of El Nio. Corresponding to the long-lasting El Nio event, cyclonic anomalous circulation over the eastern North Pacific weakens slowly and anticyclonic anomalous circulation over the western North Pacific strengthens slowly at 850 hPa. Therefore the tropical Pacific westerly anomaly keeps long. The anomalous positive velocity potential over the western South Pacific at 200 hPa, which is related to the strong Australian winter monsoon, helps a long duration of El Nio. Corresponding to the short-lasting El Nio, the anomalous positive velocity potential over the western Pacific at 200 hPa moves eastward quickly and results in the vanishing of El Nio event.
【Fund】: 中国科学院知识创新工程项目(KZCX3-SW-226);; 国家自然科学基金项目(40233033 40325015)资助.
【CateGory Index】: P732
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