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《Chinese Journal of Geophysics》 2010-04
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Thermal effects on vertical displacement of GPS stations in China

YAN Hao-Ming~1,CHEN Wu~2,ZHU Yao-Zhong~1,ZHANG Wei-Min~1,ZHONG Min~1,LIU Gen-You~1 1 Institute of Geodesy and Geophysics,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Wuhan 430077,China 2 Department of Land Surveying and Geo-Informatics,Hong Kong Polytechnic University,Hung Hom,Hong Kong,China  
The temperature of GPS concrete pillar can be influenced by the surface air temperature changes.For the above ground and underground parts of the GPS concrete pillar, both inner temperatures vary with the surface air temperature changes by heat conduction effects.The temperature change of GPS concrete pillar will cause a vertical displacement of the GPS antenna. The annual amplitude of GPS vertical displacement induced by the temperature change of underground concrete pillar can reach to 1 mm in China, and exceeds 0.5 mm in the area north of Changjiang River.The maximum annual amplitude of GPS vertical displacement induced by the temperature change in both above-and under-ground parts of GPS concrete pillar is 2.8 mm for the 23 GPS stations of the Crustal Movement Observation Network of China (CMONOC). Meanwhile, the annual amplitudes of 13 GPS stations exceed 1 mm in the 23 GPS stations of the CMONOC.Thus, thermal effects on the GPS vertical displacement are a very important factor to explain the annual variations of GPS vertical displacement.
【Key Words】: Temperature changes GPS Vertical displacement Mass change of surface geophysical fluids Annual amplitude
【Fund】: 中国科学院知识创新工程青年人才类和重要方向项目(KZCX2-YW-QN116 KZCX2-YW-143);; 国家自然科学基金项目(40874049)资助
【CateGory Index】: P423;P228.4
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