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《Chinese Journal of Geophysics》 2010-07
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Simulation of echo-photon counts of a Sodium Doppler Lidar and retrievals of atmospheric parameters

XU Li~(1,2),HU Xiong~1,CHENG Yong-Qiang~1,GUO Shang-Yong~1,YAN Zhao-Ai~1,Xinzhao Chu~3 1 Center for Space Science and Applied Research,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing 100190,China 2 Beijing Institute of Astronautical Systems Engineering,Beijing 100076,China 3 University of Colorado,429UCB,ECOT614,Boulder  
The atmospheric winds and temperatures were retrieved with the received resonance fluorescence scattering photon echoes from Na atoms as a trace in the mesopause region.The lidar principle and the retrieval method of atmospheric parameters have been investigated.While the background temperature and density of atmosphere is given by atmospheric model MSISE and the background wind is given by HWM93 model, and the Na number density profile of the sodium layer is given with a Gaussian model, the lidar echo-photon counts can be simulated by using the lidar equations of Rayleigh scattering and sodium resonance fluorescence scattering. The retrieved winds and temperatures agree well with the given winds and temperatures, which shows that the retrieval method is reliable.The effects of laser frequency bias and variations of the laser linewidth on the accuracy of retrieval results are analyzed and presented.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金(40774087);; 航天领域高技术计划和中国科学院知识创新方向性项目(KGCX3-SYW-408)资助
【CateGory Index】: P412.25
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