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《Chinese Journal of Geophysics》 2010-09
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The characteristics of rock-density distributions on the surface and in the crust of the Moon

DU Jin-Song,CHEN Chao~*,LIANG Qing,ZHOU Cong Institute of Geophysics & Geomatics,China University of Geosciences,Wuhan 430074,China  
The variations of rock-density on the lunar surface and inside the crust indicate the component of lunar crust and even helpful in comprehending lunar tectonics and evolution.Based on the distributions of metal elements Fe, Th and Mg on the lunar surface derived from the measurement of Lunar Prospector mission, the global petrologic distributions of plagioclase, Mgrich rock, basalt and KREEP rock can be interpreted mineralogically and geochemically.In this study, the rock-density distribution on the lunar surface was calculated according to petrologic distributions and densities of the rock samples, meteorites and estimations from recent achievements as well.Values of density in the near surface were adjusted with the relationship between the contents of Fe and rock-density.The density model of lunar crust was determined using separated lunar Bouguer gravity anomaly data, which were calculated from topography model CLTM-s01 and gravity model SGM100h.This model represents the lateral variations of density within the depth of 40 km.The distributions of density in the lunar crust indicate that the lunar crust, at least the upper crust, in most area, is dominated by light silicate rock with rich aluminium, calcium and magnesium elements.It is speculated that the primary lunar crust is composed globally of light and calcium magnesium silicate rocks.The basalt and KREEP rock, as a thin layer, covers the original lunar crust.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金项目(40774060)资助
【CateGory Index】: P184.5
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