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《Chinese Journal of Geophysics》 2014-10
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Fine velocity structures and deep processes in crust and mantle of the Qinling orogenic belt and the adjacent North China craton and Yangtze craton

TENG Ji-Wen;LI Song-Ling;ZHANG Yong-Qian;WANG Fu-Yun;PI Jiao-Long;ZHAO Jin-Ren;ZHANG Cheng-Ke;QIAO Yong-Hu;HU Guo-Ze;YAN Ya-Fen;Institute of Geology and Geophysics,Chinese Academy of Sciences;Geophysical Exploration Center,China Earthquake Administration;  
The three tectonic units,Qinling-Daba orogenic belt,North China craton and Yangtz craton,are very complicated in whether each tectonic unit system or each boundary structure.Restricted by many times of tectonic movements,the Qinling orogen and its adjacent areas have experiencedspecial orogenic processes of continental interior.Although some related work has been done in this area,there are little studies on the fine structure and deep dynamical processesin the crust and mantle and,particularly for the system coupling research of the North China craton,QinLing-Daba orogenic belt and Yangtze craton.In order to fill this gap,we deployeda highprecision wide-angle seismic reflection and refraction wave field exploration survey profile across this region.It began from Yulin north of Ningshan in the north and extended southward to Fuling with a length of 1000 km.Through high-resolution data acquisition,inversion and characterization of the crust and mantle fine velocity structure,we found the specific velocity structure of deep crust and mantle along the profile and obtain the following new knowledge.(1)With the same basement,the Qinling-Daba orogenic belt was resulted from the uplift of the crystalline basement.In other words,the formation of the orogen was only related to the forced deformation and the spatial state of the upper crust.The orogenic belt and its forelands of the both sides were the products of the same deep process in the intracontinental orogenic process,while local uplift of the Moho interface led to the extension of the foreland basin Bfcbetween the North China craton and Qinling orogen.(2)The continuous sedimentary formation,crystalline basement,upper crust,lower crust,interval velocity structure and block velocity structure of uppermost mantle,relief change and space state at each interface are first put forward along the1000 km long profile.We define the partition zones among the North China craton,Qinling-Daba orogenic belt and Yangtze craton on the basis of the seismic wave boundary response.In this paper,we also discuss internal structures of the three tectonic units and the velocity variation features of the adjacent areas.(3)There are significant differences between the North China craton,Qinling-Daba orogen and Yangtze craton in velocity structure of the continental area,Q structure,distribution of different faults and sequences.The distribution of the faults with varied scales,depths and attitudes displays the marked differencesin theirformation,deformation behavior,mechanisms and constraints by tectonic movements.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金华北克拉通破坏重大计划项目中对重点项目“秦岭造山带与南鄂尔多斯盆地地壳精细结构与动力学响应”(940914012)资助
【CateGory Index】: P542
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