Study Advances in Saline Lake Resources on the Qinghai-Tibet Pleteau
Zheng Mianping ( R & D Center of Saline Lale and Epithermal Dposits,CAGS,Beijing;Mineral Deposits Resources Institinte,CAGS,Beijing; Open Laboratory of Saline Lake Resources and Environment,CAGS,Beijing)
This paper presents a summary report on the progress in the evaluation of the saline lake resources of the Tibetan Plateau over the past ten-old years made by the R D Center of Saline Lake and Epithermal Deposits. The research has been carried out by integrating closely the comprehensive saline lake resource investigation with the typical saline lake research and development under the guidance of "salinology". It has for the first time revealed that the Laling area of Huan'ang is a gigantic lithium-boron-cesium-(potassium-rubidium) metallogenic province and points out that the superlarge Zabuye lithium-boron salt lake deposit presents a multistage, shallow-basin metallogenic model in a continent-continent collision area, which is different from the high range-deep basin lithium-boron saline lake metallogenic model in back-arc rifts of South America. Through an extensive comprehensive investigation of saline lakes it is for the first time ascertained that the Tibetan Plateau is an important Artemia prospect area. In the light of the principle of taking such measures as are suitable to local conditions, obtaining raw materials locally and developing advantages and avoiding shortcomings and through a study of experimental salinology, we have found a way of lithium saline lake development that is suited to the special environment of the plateau.