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《Chinese Journal of Atmospheric Sciences》 1981-01
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THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN THE INTENSITY OF SUMMER SOUTHWEST MONSOON OVER NORTHWEST PACIFIC AND THE CIRCULATION PATTERNS OF THE SOUTHERN HEMISPHERE

He Shi-xiu (Institute of Atmospheric Physics, Academia Sinica)Yang Zhu-fang (Central Meteorological Observatory)  
The relationship between the intensity of summer southwest monsoon over Northwest Pacific and the 500mb circulation patterns of the Southern Hemisphere in 1978 is investigated. It is found that Southwest monsoon is intensified when a meridional circulation pattern of Southern Hemisphere appears and the Southwest monsoon is weakened when a zonal circulation pattern appears.The cold air could reach low latitude area when the stable meridional circulation pattern controls the Southern Hemisphere. The strong southeast wind to the north of lower layer cold high located behind the long wave trough could form a strong and persistent cross-equator flow in a relatively fixed narrow channel. In some favorable conditions of Northern Hemisphere circulation, this cross-equator flow could turn into southwest flow over the Northwest Pacific and lead to intensification of southwest monsoon. Because the Southern Hemisphere long wave troughs can easily be intensified and stay over the east and west coasts of Australian continent, the paths of cross-equator flow relatively concentrate at the back of the two long wave troughs, near 150°E and 105°E.
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