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《Chinese Journal of Atmospheric Sciences》 1981-02
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AEROSOL COMPOSITION IN A NONURBAN AREA NEAR THE GREAT WALL

Wang Ming-xing Lu Wei-xiu Een Li-xin (Institute of Atmosphere Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences)John W. Winchester (Department of Oceanography, Florida State University, U. S. A.)  
In order to study the characteristics of aerosol composition in China, a cooperative research program on aerosol chemistry was carried out at an astronomical observing station near Xinglong. The samples were analyzed at the University of Lund, Sweden, and at Florida State University, U.S.A., by PIXE. The concentrations of the elements in the atmospheric aerosols are presented here. The results are compared with other measurements. It is found that during the cleanest period of sampling the concentrations of all elements, except S, are close to that of. the background aerosols found in the Southern Hemisphere, while during the more polluted period concentrations of some elements, mainly due to coal combustion, are comparable or even higher than that often found in North America, but the concentrations of those elements due to automobile exhaust are much lower and probably close to those of background aerosol.
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