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《Chinese Journal of Atmospheric Sciences》 1983-04
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AN OBSERVATIONAL STUDY ON THE ONSET OF THE SUMMER MONSOON OVER EASTERN ASIA IN 1979

Tao Shiyan He Shixiu(Institute of Atmospheric Physics, Academia Sinica)Yang Zhufang(Central Meteorological Observatory)  
By using the MONEX data the onset of the summer monsoon over Eastern Asia in 1979 is analyzed. Prior to the onset of the southwest monsoon in Southern Asia and the Northwest Pacific for ten days there was an intensification of the jet stream of the upper westerlies in the region 40°-160°E in the Southern Hemisphere. During the onset period strong cold air outbreaks occurred in the Australian region and strong cross-equatorial current in the lower troposphere occurred in the region 80°-100°E, and the easterlies in the upper troposphere in Southern Asia and the south-westerlies in the lower troposphere in the South China Sea and the Northwest Pacific were, intensified. At the same time, the rainfall belt moves northward from South China to the Yangtze River Valley. It seems to us that the strong cold air outbreaks in S. H. act as a trigger for the onset of the summer monsoon in Eastern Asia.
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