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《Chinese Journal of Atmospheric Sciences》 1986-03
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A NUMERICAL EXPERIMENT OF THE DYNAMIC EFFECT OF LARGE-SCALE TOPOGRAPHY ON THE FORMATION OF SUBTROPICAL HIGH IN THE NORTHERN SUMMER

Luo Meixia Zhu Baozhen Shen Rujin (Institute of Atmospheric Physics, Academia Sinica)  
In this paper, the effect of the purely topographic forcing on the basic zonal wind belt is investigated by using a three-level global belt primitive equation model in σ-coordinate.The numerical integration is started from the mean zonal flow of summer and performed up to 6 days. On the 2nd day integration, at 200 hPa level, the zonally uniform, high pressure belt is broken into some anticyclones in regions near the mountains by the direct dynamical forcing of topography. These are the Qinghai-Xizang high, the Rocky high and the Iranian high, the first two of which are of thermal structure and the third is dynamical one. Then, the African high, the Pacific high and the Atlantic high are formed subsequently in the regions upstream and downstream of the above three topographic highs as a consequence of dynamical adjustment of atmospheric circulation in entire global belt.Thus, we may conclude that the dynamic effect of large-scale topography of zonal asymmetry plays an important role in the formation of the Qinghai-Xizang high and the Rocky high.
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