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《Chinese Journal of Atmospheric Sciences》 1987-03
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A STUDY ON THE PASSAGES OF CROSS-EQUATORIAL CURRENT DURING THE SOUTHERN MONSOON

Li Zengzhong Lou Guangping(Academy of Meteorological Science, Stale Meteorological  
In this paper, we have made a preliminary study on the passages of crossequatorial current at the lower and upper troposphere over the Indian Ocean and the north-west Pacific Ocean during the southern monsoon (from June to September). The grid wind and other data used in this study are from 1974 to 1979.At the sametime, the average vertical velocity of every 5 days at 850, 700, 500, 300 and 200 hPa levels during June-August in 1979, have been calculated by means of the continuity equation. It is obvious that there are two monsoon cells of latitudinal circulation. The results are as follows:1. The principle southern wind component passages at the lower troposphere over the equator of the Eastern Hemisphere are along (1) 45°E; (2) 105°E; (3) 150°E; (4) 70°E. The values of southern wind component along these passages are larger than the average value of 0-180°E.- 2. There are two main passages in which the currents cross over the Equator from Northern Hemisphere to Southern Hemisphere at the 200 hPa level.3. There are two closed latitudinal circulations which are obviously associated with the principle passages over the same region. One of them is located at the region between 45-70° E, the other is near 100-105°E.
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