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《Chinese Journal of Atmospheric Sciences》 1987-04
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A STUDY ON INTERACTION BETWEEN THE EAST-ASIA ATMOSPHERIC CIRCULATION AND EL NINO

Li Chongyin Hu Ji(Institute of Atmospheric Physics, Tcademia Sinica)  
Through the statistical analysis in surface pressure, 500 hPa height and others, it is noticed in this paper that the general circulation in the East-Asia and the West-Pacific has had obvious abnormality in October-December and January-March before El Nino happened. During those months, there are frequent cold wave in the East-Asia and the abnormality of general circulation seems to be movable from higher latitude to lower latitude. The frequent stron-ger cold waves in the East-Asia in winter cause the location of the West-Pacific subtropical high to be on the south side gradually. Then the trade wind over the middle and the West-Pacific is weakened. This may be one of the reasons that cause El Nino.In the summer of El Nino year, owing to teleconnection, there is a negative anomaly of surface pressure and 500 hPa height in the East-Asia and the West-Pacific. The west-Pacific subtropical high is to the south continuously and weaker.Based on the statistical analysis, a scheme on the interaction between the atmospheric circulation over the East-Asia and the West-Pacific and El Nino is given in this paper.
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