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《Chinese Journal of Atmospheric Sciences》 1991-06
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Three-Dimensional Numerical Simulation of Ice Phase Microphysics in Cumulus Clouds. Part II: Effects of Multiplication Processes

Kong Fanyou Huang Meiyuan Xu Huaying(Institute of Atmospheric Physics , Chinese Academy of Sciences)  
Two ice crystal multiplication processes are parameterized in the compressible three-dimensional numerical cloud model described in part I of this study. The formation of secondary ice crystals by shattering of relatively large supercooled drops during freezing and Hallett-Mossop mechanism are explicitly considered, and the ice crystal concentration is modified . For isolated convective clouds with warm bases; the simulations show that the inclusion of ice multiplication processes causes insignificant modification on the cloud dynamics and macro-features , the simulated cloud only produces slightly more total ground precipitation whereas the maximum precipitation rate is increased and the appearing time of ice crystals is earlier. However, the processes do affect the microphysics of the cloud : They promote ice glaciation in clouds. As a result, more latent heat released warms the upper portion of the cloud and causes a higher cloud top. In the two multiplication processes, the shattering mechanism plays a dominant role in affecting on the cloud microphysics. The relative importance of each ice phase process is also analyzed .
【Fund】: LASG资助
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