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《Chinese Journal of Atmospheric Sciences》 1992-04
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Analysis of Westerly Intensifying and Air-sea Interaction Process during 1986 /1987 E1 Nino Event

Yu Huiling Pu Shuzhen(First Institute of Oceanography , Qingdao , 266003)  
The west components of winds on 850 hPa over the northwest Pacific Ocean (25 °- 35 °N, 110°- 180°E ) from the objective analyses by European Centre for Medium-range Weather Forecast (ECMWF)/are used to compute the westerly intensity of the 1986/1987 El Nino event. The results show that the westerly intensity summed up during the period from December 1986 to May 1987 is greater than that for the same months a few years before the 1986/1987 El Nino event of after it.The intensifying is identical with the strengthening of the subtropical high during the El Nino events in the past , and they both reflect the intensifying of the Hadley circulation. In order to discuss the causality for the variation of the atmospheric circulation , the authors make use of the oceanographic data obtained from the PROUS bilateral TOGA observations, and interprets that two of the extremly important causes are the abnormally heating from the western tropical Pacific Ocean to the atmosphere in the lower latitudes and the decrease of the oceanic transportation to the mid-latitudes by the western boundary current.
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