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《Chinese Journal of Atmospheric Sciences》 1992-05
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Analysis on the Processed of Water Vapor Transfer over North China During 1980-1987

Fan Zengquan(National Research Center for Marine Environment Forecasts, Beijing, 100081)Liu Chunzhen(Hydrological Forecasting and Water Control Center)  
In this paper, the rawinsonde data twice per day from 1980 to 1987 are used to calculate and analyse the water vapor transfer process over North China . The effect of human activity on the water cycle in North China is discussed using the balance equations of the atmospheric water vapor and the terrestrial water . The results show that the vapor transfer characteristics such as the transfer direction, seasonal changes, vertical structure , and water vapor sources are determined by the east Asia monsoon circulation . Teh vapor transfer over North China in the 1980s has caused a large amount of water loss in the atmosphere and the loss is compensated by the excessive water pumping from the underground . This suggests that the human activity effect is an important element in the water cycle process of North China .
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金
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