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《Chinese Journal of Atmospheric Sciences》 1992-05
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Interannual Variation of the PNA Flow Pattern and Impacts of Extratropical and Tropical SSTs

Wu Renguang Chen Lieting(Institute of Atmospheric Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, 100080)  
In the present article, the interannual variation and the influential factors on the PNA pattern are analyzed. It is found that the PNA pattern has two predominant oscillations, one is the 3 - 5 year oscillation, the other is the ten-year oscillation. It is shown that the former corresponds to the main oscillation of the equatorial Pacific SST (EPSST) (in phase), the latter is consistent with the main oscillation of the North Pacific SST (NPSST) (out of phase). It is uncovered that the PNA pattern has a much closer association with the NPSST than with the EPSST. The frequency at which the NPSST affects the PNA pattern is different from that of the EPSST. Hence, the impact of the NPSST on the PNA pattern is sometimes in phase with, sometimes out of phase with that of the EPSST, which complicates the relationship between the ENSO and the atmospheric circulation and climate anomaly over the North Pacific through the North America. When the impact of the NPSST is involved, some observational facts can be better explained. At last, the possible evolution process of about ten year scale oscillation of the PNA pattern circulation is discussed.
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