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《Chinese Journal of Atmospheric Sciences》 1993-04
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Preliminary Study on Mechanism of Tropical - Midlatitude Interaction on Intraseasonal Time Scale

Wang Guomin Huang Shisong(Department of Atmospheric Sciences, Nanjing University, 210008)  
Numerical experiments on forced response are carried out by a simple tow-level global atmospheric general circulation model. Anomalous forcing is introduced into the model, representing the tropical low-frequency dipole convective pattern. It is found that the forcing remarkably induces not only the local responses but also the low frequency anomalous wave trains in midlatitudes, and there is a one fourth phase difference between the midlatitude wave trains and the variation of the tropical forcing. These results are consistent with that of observational studies. Further investigation shows that the phase kg in atmospheric responses is related to the nonlinear transfer process of energy from internal mode to external mode generated by the forcing. Finally on the basis of above results, possible mechanism of tropi-cal- midlatitude interactions is proposed.
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