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《SCIENTIA ATMOSPHERICA SINICA》 1999-05
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Preliminary Results of Precipitable Water Vaopr Monitored by Ground-Based GPS

Wang Xiaoya, Zhu Wenyao, Yan Haojian, Cheng Zongyi (Shanghai Astronomical Observatory, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 200030) Ding Jincai (Shanghai Meteorological Bureau, Shanghai 200030)  
With the development of the surveying technique of GPS, GPS meteorology becomes an emerging subject, which is a ramification of such disciplines as satellite dynamics, geodesy, geophysics and meteorology. Monitoring distribution of precipitable water vapor in time and space by means of GPS survey can play a vital part in upgrading the precision of predicting precipitation and inclement weather, and enhancing the understandability of climate change. In this paper, we have collected six-day GPS data provided by 23 national stations and six neighboring IGS global stations. These stations form a local meteorological GPS network for ground experiment. We have carried out the first GPS-based meteorological experiment in China. All data reduction has been completed by utilizing the software system of Shanghai Astronomical Observatory for GPS precise orbit determination and precise positioning, named SHAGAP which is developed from the software GAMIT. In order to improve the monitoring precision and resolution of tropospheric zenith delay, the hybrid approach, using a batch least squares estimator but parameterizing the zenith delay by a linear spline with knots at 30-minute intervals and treating the knots as a Gauss-Markov process, is employed to deal with the tropospheric zenith delay. Thus, we have obtained zenith delay with resolutions of two hours and 30 minutes respectively, and with the precision better than one centimeter. After separating dry and wet zenith delay and transforming wet zenith delay into precipitable water vapor, precipitable water vapor is derived with a precision up to 1~2 mm. Having compared the results based on GPS with those based on radiosonde data, we find out coincidence does exist between both results. Our experiment has, to some extent, proved the feasibility of providing some service for meteorology by ground-based GPS survey.
【CateGory Index】: P412
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