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《SCIENTIA ATMOSPHERICA SINICA》 2000-06
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Interannual Variations of the Onset of the South China Sea Summer Monsoon and Low-Frequency Oscillation of Convective Activities in the Atmosphere

He Youhai, Peng Chuming, Guan Cuihua, Lin Xigui and Wang Dongxiao (South China Sea Institute of Oceanology, Chinese Academy of Sciences. Guangzhou 510301 )  
The onset time of the South China Sea Summer Monsoon (SCSSM) is defined by the changes in phase and strength of temperatures of block body (TBB) at cloud top, and the process of change of TBB and wind field at 850 hPa, as well as its association with sea surface temperatures during SCSSM onset time is analysed. The main results are as follows. The mean onset time of SCSSM is the fourth pentad of May for the period of 1980 to 1991. There exists a significant interannual variation in the onset time and strength of SCSSM which is closely related to low-frequency oscillation of the atmosphere and the heat states of ocean before the SCSSM onset time. In the years of early onset of SCSSM (the sixth pentad of April) deep convective activities are observed over the region from the eastern equatorial indian ocean to the western equatorial Pacific ocean, in association with the fast eastwards retreat of the weak western Pacific subtropical high, and the onset time of summer monsoon is earlier over the South China Sea than over the Bay of Bengal. The stronger cross--equatorial flow over the 90- 100°E region during the onset time is observed, and vice versa in the years of late onset of SCSSM (the tirst pentad of June). The onset time of SCSSM is associated with the phase of 30- 60 day oscillation of atmosphere arriving over SCS. High or low SST of SCS during the prior winter and early spring and the time of the strongly convective weather occurrence over the Indo-China from middle of April to May are indicators of interannual variations of onset of SCSSM. Prediction of the onset of l998' SCSSM based on SST during the prior period in SCS is consistent with the fact.
【Fund】: 中国科学院“九五”重大应用基础研究项目!KZ951—A1—203;; 国家自然科学基金!49875015;; 国家重点基础研究发展规划
【CateGory Index】: P426.6
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