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《Chinese Journal of Atmospheric Sciences》 2002-05
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Impacts of El Nino and La Nina on the Cycle of the East Asian Winter and Summer Monsoon

Chen Wen(Institute of Atmospheric Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100080)  
Investigations of composite El Nino and La Nina suggest that an El Nino or La Nina events may be generally divided into 4 stages. They are the winter preceding the event, the summer during the developing phase, the winter during the mature phase and the summer during the decaying phase. Then the responses of East Asian winter and summer monsoon to El Nino and La Nina are analyzed with the NCEP reanalysis 'data and the rainfalls in China. The results indicate that the cycle of the East Asian winter and summer monsoons are significantly influenced by the El Nino and La Ninaevents. In the winter preceding an El Nino events, there are anomalous northerlies over the East Asian region. In the summer during the developing phase of an El Nino events, the western subtropical Pacific high tends to be weak, meanwhile the southwesterlies which affect China tend to be weak too. Thereby the rainfall is above normal in the Yangtze-Huaihe River Valley and the southern coastal area of China, and below normal in North China and the middle reaches of the Yangtze River. However, in the winter during the mature phase of an El Nino event, there are anomalous southerlies over the East Asian region. Besides, in the summer during the decaying phase of an El Nino events, the western subtropical Pacific high tends to be strong, meanwhile the southwesterlies which affect China tend to be strong too. Thereby the rainfall is below normal in the Yangtze-Huaihe River Valley, and above normal in North China, Northeast China and the area of the Dongting Lake and the Poyang Lake. The situations are approximately reverse for the impact of La Nina on the cycle of East Asian winter and summer monsoon, although the impact of La Nina is not significant as that of El Nino. Finally, the anomalous summer rainfall in China after strong and weak East Asian winter monsoon is analyzed. The result shows that the close linkage between the East Asian winter monsoon and the following summer monsoon is due to the impact of the SSTA associated with El Nino or La Nina events on the cycle of East Asian winter monsoon and summer monsoon. When the anomalous winter monsoon is not related to the SSTA associated with El Nino or La Nina events, there is no close linkage between them.
【Fund】: 国家重点基础研究发展规划项目G1998040900第Ⅰ部分资助
【CateGory Index】: P732
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