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《Chinese Journal of Atmospheric Sciences》 2004-02
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The Comparison between the Mechanism of the Early(1994) and Later(1991) Onset of the South China Sea Summer Monsoon

Liang Zhaoning, Wen Zhiping, Yuan Zhuojian, and Qin Huiling(Center of Monsoon and Environment, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou 510275) (Department of Atmospheric Sciences, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou 510275)  
The meridional circulations during late(early) summer monsoon onset [i.e., June 1~15, 1991 (April 26~May 10,1994)] over South China Sea are successfully simulated by the local meridional circulation model, and main factors affecting the meridional circulations at 00UTC 7 June 1991 and 00UTC 2 May 1994 are compared based on the NCEP/NCAR reanalysis data. The results show that for the late onset year (1991) pressure gradient force (responsible for geostrophic wind) shares equal contribution with other thermodynamic and dynamic forces(responsible for ageostrophic wind) at 00UTC 7 June 1991. Among the ageostrophic factors, the major contribution comes from latent heat. While for the early onset year at 00UTC 2 May 1994, ageostrophic factors play a significant role. Among the ageostrophic factors, the mean mode of zonal temperature advection is the most important one. In addition, the comparison also shows that not only the hydrodynamic stability was weaker but also cross-equatorial flow around 105°E was stronger at 00UTC 2 May 1994 than at 00UTC 7 June 1991.
【Fund】: 国家重点基础研究发展规划项目G1 9980 40 90 0项目第一部分;; 国家自然科学基金资助项目 40 2 75 0 2 6资助
【CateGory Index】: P425
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