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《Chinese Journal of Atmospheric Sciences》 2006-06
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Frontal Rain and Summer Monsoon Rain During Pre-rainy Season in South China.Part I: Determination of the Division Dates

ZHENG Bin,LIANG Jian-Yin,LIN Ai-Lan,LI Chun-Hui,and GU De-JunThe Key Open Laboratory for Tropical Monsoon,Institute of Tropical and Marine Meteorology,China Meteorological Administration,Guangzhou 510080  
Heavy rain during pre-rainy season usually causes a flood in South China,but the prediction for the rain during pre-rainy season is still a challenge for meteorologists.To a large degree,the rain prediction depends on understanding of its characteristics.Generally,the rain during pre-rainy season is considered as frontal rain.But,the South China Sea summer monsoon(SCSSM) can invade South China and dominate rain there in June,even early May.Since the characteristics of rain during pre-rainy season are so different,it is important to distinguish SCSSM rain from frontal rain.In order to distinguish them,NCEP/NCAR reanalysis data,the Climate Prediction Center(CPC) Merged Analysis of Precipitation(CMAP) and data of 730 surface stations of China are used to analyze the differences of frontal rain and monsoon rain during pre-rainy season under the mean climatological condition(1971-2000),and the basic criterion of beginning of summer monsoon rain in South China is made as follows: zonal wind at 100 hPa shifts from westerly to easterly and easterly persists for exceedingly five days.An important feature of SSCSM onset is upper tropospheric zonal wind shift from westerly to easterly,corresponding the northward move of South Asia High.To make sure that the upper troposphere over South China is dominated steadily by easterly,easterly wind must persist for over five days. Accompanying the zonal wind shift,lower tropospheric temperature and moisture change abruptly.Therefore,zonal wind shift at 100 hPa can be used to determine the start of summer monsoon rain in South China,and the changes of lower tropospheric temperature and moisture are used to validate and revise the start date determined by zonal wind shift at 100 hPa.By the criterion,beginning date of summer monsoon rain in South China has been derived as 24 May under the mean climatological condition.Through the analyses,the beginning dates of that from 1951 to 2004 are obtained too.The results of composite analysis indicate that the derived dates distinguish tropospheric characters during frontal rain from that during monsoon rain.
【Fund】: 广东省自然科学基金资助项目04003915
【CateGory Index】: P426.6
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