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《Chinese Journal of Atmospheric Sciences》 2008-05
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The Characteristics of Cloud-to-Ground Lightning Flashes and Charge Structure of a Typical Thunderstorm in Chinese Inland Plateau

ZHANG Tinglong1,QIE Xiushu2,YUAN Tie3,ZHANG Guangshu1,ZHANG Tong1,and ZHAO Yang11 Laboratory for Climate Environment and Disasters of Western China,Cold and Arid Regions Environmental and Engineering Research Institute,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Lanzhou 7300002 Laboratory for Middle Atmosphere and Global Environment Observation,Institute of Atmospheric Physics,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing 1000293 College of Atmospheric Sciences,Lanzhou University,Lanzhou 730000  
Six-station measurements on electric field change of lightning flashes were carried out in the summer of 2002 in Qinghai area [(37°3.795′N,101° 34.94′E),2553.32 m above sea level],the northeastern verge of the Tibetan Plateau.By using the point charge model,the height and magnitude of charge neutralized by return strokes have been fitted,with the nonlinear least-square method,based on the electric field changes of cloud-to-ground(CG) flashes observed in a typical thunderstorm with larger-than-usual lower positive charge center(LPCC) occurring in the afternoon of 4 August 2002.A total of 65 return strokes in 16 negative CG and 2 positive CG flashes has been analyzed.The results show that the height of charge region neutralized by negative CG flashes ranges from 3 km to 5 km above the ground.For the two positive CG flashes,the neutralized charge region is located in a height range from 5 km to 6 km.It shows that the thunderstorm has a triple charge structure.The average charges neutralized by a negative return stroke and a positive return stoke are about 1.48 C and 2.02 C,respectively.
【Fund】: 中国科学院知识创新工程重要方向项目KZCX-YW-206;; 国家自然科学基金资助项目40675008、40325013
【CateGory Index】: P446
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