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《Chinese Journal of Atmospheric Sciences》 2014-03
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Atmospheric Response to Mesoscale Oceanic Eddies over the Kuroshio Extension:Case Analyses of Warm and Cold Eddies in Winter

MA Jing;XU Haiming;DONG Changming;Key Laboratory of Meteorological Disaster of Ministry of Education,Nanjing University of Inform ation Science and Technology;Collaborative Innovation Center on Forecast and Evaluation of Meteorological Disasters,Nanjing University of Information Science and Technology;Institute of Geophysics and Planetary Physics,University of California;  
The response of the atmosphere to mesoscale oceanic eddies is investigated by using dynamic composite and bandpass filters with particular focus on one warm eddy and one cold eddy over the Kuroshio Extension during the winter season.Results show positive correlation between sea surface temperature(SST) and wind speed at 10-m on dynamic composites,indicating remarkable oceanic forcing at daily time scales.Significantly weak divergence appears over the warm(cold) eddy center with positive(negative) vorticity anomaly.Latent and sensible heat fluxes increase(decrease)over the warm(cold) eddy,thus weakening(enhancing) atmospheric stability and thickening(thinning) the marine atmospheric boundary layer with strong(weak) vertical mixing.The maximum(minimum) center of frictional velocity,which represents turbulent viscous forces,lies over the warm(cold) eddy,indicating the substantial role of the vertical mixing mechanism in mesoscale and microscale ocean-atmosphere interaction.Mesoscale oceanic eddies can exert their influence on atmospheric transient disturbance intensity,which is significant both in the boundary layer and the mid-lower troposphere.Moreover,baroclinic energy conversion is found to play a critical role in the oceanic forcing of atmospheric transient disturbances.
【Fund】: 国家重大科学研究计划——“太平洋印度洋对全球变暖的响应及其对气候变化的调控作用”2012CB955600;; 国家自然科学基金项目41275094;; 江苏高校优势学科建设工程项目(PAPD);; 江苏省高校“青蓝工程”;; 江苏省研究生培养创新工程项目CXZZ13_0498
【CateGory Index】: P447;P461.2
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