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《SCIENTIA ATMOSPHERICA SINICA》 1996-02
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Global Atmospheric Anomalies during Warm ENSO Period in a Coupled Atmosphere-Ocean Anomaly Model

Yang Xiuqun; Xie Qian and Huang Shisong(Department of Atmospheric Sciences, Naming University, Naming 210093)(Department of Meteorology, Air Force Institute Of Meteorology, Naming 211101)  
By using a multi-level anomaly GCM coupled to a tropical Pacific anomaly model, a warm, developing ENSO phase has been preliminarily simulated. The characteristic of both the ocean anomaly and the global atmospheric anomaly in each season during the warm period has also been depicted. It is pointed out that the warm ENSO period is generally accompanied by the anomalously weak Walker cell in the central-western equatorial Pacific. However, the atmospheric anomalies at lower latitudes exhibit notable seasonal difference. In summer, it is characterized by the anomalously weak Indian monsoon and strong East Asian monsoon, while, in winter,it is by the weakening of all the equatorial circulation cells. Atmospheric anomalies in the extratropics in summer are also different from those in winter. In summer, they originate in Asian monsoon areas and seem to be indirectly connected with the equatorial SST anomaly, while,in winter,they reflect direct wavetrain response to the SST anomaly.Finally, the dynamical mechanism explaining the atmospheric anomalies appearing in the coupled atmosphere-ocean system is also discussed.
【Fund】: 国家攀登项目 国家自然科学基金
【CateGory Index】: P732.6
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