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《SCIENTIA ATMOSPHERICA SINICA》 1998-04
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Response of the Asian Winter and Summer Monsoon to ENSO Events

Tao Shiyan and Zhang Qingyun (Institute of Atmospheric Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing100080)  
Based on the monthly mean geopotential height, temperature and wind data at 200, 500 and 850 hPa level from the NCEP/NCAR reanalyze data sets for 1980~1995, the response of the Asian winter and summer monsoon to ENSO events is studied. By composing seasonal mean anomalies patterns for five El Nio (La Nia) years, it is found that during winter in El Nio (La Nia) years the follow pattern in East Asia is not favorable (favorable) for the outbreaks of cold air southward leading to weak (strong) winter monsoons; and that during winter in El Nio (La Nia) years there is above normal (below normal) precipitation in South China (including the Tibetan Plateau) leading to above normal (below normal) soil moisture content in there areas which could delay (quicken) and weaken (strengthen) the spring and summer heating of the land masses those results in weak (strong) summer monsoons. We also found that during winter in strong El Nio years there is a teleconnection pattern in Indian Ocean and Asia called IA pattern which is similar to PNA pattern in the eastern Pacific and North America. The IA pattern is responsible for the processes bring about interannual variability of Asian winter and summer monsoons.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金 国家“九五”重中之重项目
【CateGory Index】: P732.3
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