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《Geo-information Science》 2004-01
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Wetland Research and Monitoring in Beijing

ZHANG Zhifeng, ZHAO Wenji, JIA Ping, XIE Zhiru(The Ministry of Education Key Lab, The Key Lab of Resource and Environment GIS, Capital Normal University, Beijing 100037,China)  
First of all, supported by 3S technology, combining field investigations with indoor synthetic analysis, the types and area of wetland in Beijing were investigated and monitored.There are quite a number of types of wetlands with relative wide distribution, remarkable environmental difference and abundant bio-diversity.The main wetland types in Beijing include lakes, rivers, reservoirs, ponds, paddy fields etc., among them the area of artificial wetland is about 323 541.822km2 and that of natural wetland, about 138 214.740km2, accounting for 0.3% of the whole Beijing′s area. Secondly,dynamic change studies aiming at key reservoirs and typical wetland were made. The result of study shows that among the reservoir wetlands, the area of Miyun reservoir, Guanting reservoir and Huairou reservoir reduce separately 42.0%,23.9% and 4.9% compare with that of 1998 and changes of the landscape patterns of typical wetlands also take place correspondingly. It thus can be seen that the wetland area reduces and ecoenvironmental quality drops year by year in Beijing. Finally, we propose some constructive conclusions and suggestions according to current situation and problems existing in Beijing′s wetland. Thus the accomplishment of this scientific research item has laid the foundation for the further studies on the connection of wetland changes and climate, terrain and landforms, land use, vegetation change along with socio-economic development in the marginal area, and further analysis of the factors threatening the wetlands, evaluation of the current situation of ecoenvironment of the wetlands and putting forward measures protecting the wetlands in Beijing.
【Fund】: 北京市自然科学基金项目(200000511);; 北京市自然科学基金项目(6032003)资助.
【CateGory Index】: P931
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