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《Geo-Information Science》 2007-06
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Natural-language Spatial Relations and Their Applications in GIS

ZHANG Xueying,LV Guonian (Jiangsu Provincial Key Lab of GIS,Nanjing Normal University,Nanjing 210097,China)  
The purpose of intelligent GIS is to realize the natural language interaction between GIS and users.Two main problems of intelligent GIS are how to automatically extract spatial information from natural language and how to bridge the semantic gap between unstructured spatial information in natural language and structured spatial information in GIS.The previous research focuses on natural-language spatial relations.One of its basic tasks is to explore spatial terms and syntactic patterns in natural language.In this paper,the basic problems of natural-language spatial relations are described,and then Chinese spatial terms and syntactic patterns are discussed in detail.Finally, a few syntactic patterns are presented for query representation of natural-language spatial relations in GIS.
【Fund】: 南京师范大学重点科研基金项目(2006105XGQ0051)
【CateGory Index】: P208
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