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《Geo-Information Science》 2008-04
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The Characteristics of the Concentrations of Fine Particles and Their Composition in Beijing

REN Xiyan1,2,JI Dongsheng1,WANG Yuesi1,HU Bo1,SUN Yang1(1 Institute of Atmospheric Physics,CAS,Beijing 100029,China;2 China academy of urban planning & design,Beijing 100037,China)  
Sulfate and nitrate are the main components of fine particles in the urban atmosphere.Utilizing the rapid collection of atmospheric particles and the chemical component in line analysis system,the concentrations of sulfate and nitrate in fine particles from 2004 to 2007 in Beijing were observed.The results show that the average decline rate of nitrate is 7 %,about 0.7μg/m3,and the concentrations of sulfate declined from 28μg/m3 in 2006 to 18μg/m3 in 2007.There is a special analysis on regional meteorological characteristics,the characteristics of the concentrations of fine particles pollution,and the main chemical components of fine particles in the surrounding areas of Beijing from August 17 to 20 in 2007 when Beijing began a four-day test scheme to take 1.3m vehicles off the city's roads.The variations of the concentrations of sulfate and chloride combined with the backward trajectory calculations show that as the tracer of the pollutants in the surrounding areas of Beijing,the sulfate moves to Beijing with the weak south air mass,and as the tracer of sea air mass of south east China Sea,the wet air mass and chloride moves to Beijing with the airflow from south east.It proves that the south air mass helps tp transport the fine particles in the surrounding areas of Beijing to Beijing.
【Fund】: 国家重点基础研究发展计划(2007CB407303);; 国家高技术研究发展计划(2006AA06A301);; 北京及周边地区奥运大气环境监测和预警联合行动计划-2008(KGCX2-YW-119-1)
【CateGory Index】: X513
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