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《Quaternary Sciences》 1989-01
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ON DISCUSSION OF QUATERNARY SUB-GLACIATIONS IN CHINA

Sun Dianqing (Institute of Geomechanics, Ministry of Geology and Mineral Resources)  
Glaciological research has been going on in China for more than half century. The pioneer work of professor Li Siguang (J.S. Lee)in the Datong Basin, northern Shanxi, and at the eastern foot of Taihang Range brought limelight on the Quaternary research in China. Since the establishment of the People's Republic of China, extensive geological and geographic work has been carried on throughout whole country. In many places has been amassed large amount of evidences for Quaternary ice-action, such as glacial erratics, glacial pavements and glacial striations on bed rocks, glacial tectonics, moraines, fluvio-glacial deposits, periglacial phenomena, glacial landforms and the relics of plants and animals in cold climate. It is found so far that only valley and piedmont glaciers occured in China in the Great Ice Age, except in the Large and Small Xingan Ranges and the Qinghai-Xizang (Tibet)Plateau. According to the relics of Quaternary glaciation in different localities, five sub-glaciations and one cold period can be recognized. The evidence for division of sub-glaciations mainly depends on the characteristics of the glacial deposits and their stratigraphic horizons, the occurring order of ice sculptural landforms and the mutural relations of their joining. The Lushan Mt. in the lower Yangtze valley might be the first place of dividing into sub-glaciations. Subsequent divisions were carried on in the eastern foot of Taihang Range, the northwestern Sichuan, the Yunnan-Guizhou-Sichuan borders etc. The correlation of several sub-glaciations with those of different regions is only tentatively offered in the interest of further research. The final issue can only be settled by more extensive observation, wide collection, detailed detection and regorous comparison.
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