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《Quaternary Sciences》 1991-03
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QUATERNARY CLIMATE CYCLES AND AMINO ACIDS DATA

Xiang Mingju Shi Jiyang (Guangzhou Branch of the Institute of Geochemistry,Chinese Academy of Sciences)  
Organic geochemistry of amino acids has been investigated in an attempt to explore thechanges of environment since the Quaternary.As a recorder of climate fluctuation,the va-riation of total amount of amino acids in the sediments collected from Luochuan section inShaanxi Province,loess section of Xingyuankanshu and CK-(?) core of Chaiwopu basin in Xin-jiang Autonomous Region has been discussed.There are fourteen paleosols developed and interbedded beds of paleosol with loess inLuochuan section.By comparison of fluctuation in total amount of amino acids and oxygenisotope recordings in the loess-paleosol series,it has been found that the amino acids amountof paleosols in the beds of S_2—S_9 are in correspondence with odd stages of oxygen isotope,i.e.7—23,corresponding to warm interglacial periods in climate.It is also found that theamount of amino acids in L_2—L_9 loess beds are in correspondence with 6—22 even stages of oxy-gen isotope.The variation of amino acids amount with climate is also found to be in cor-respondence with variation of other indirect climate indicators and they are complementary toeach other.The amino acids amount,percentages of organic carbon and OEP value of n-alkane have been measured for samples of CK-(?) core in the Chaiwopu basin.Variations of the abovethree measures tend to be the same,i.e.four high values of them are found to be for the lacu-strine sediments,but the low values are for the pluvio-alluvial sediments.The odd stages ofoxygen isotope are in correspondence with lacustrine strata and the peaks in the curves ofamino acids amount,organic carbon percentages and n-alkane OEP,indicating warm and hu-mid climate during the period of lacustrine deposition.On the contrary,the even stages ofoxygen isotope are in correspondence with the pluvio-alluvial strata and values of the curvesof the above three measures,indicating relative arid and cool climate during the period ofpluvio-alluvial deposition.The periodic variation of the above measures have reflected thatthere had been four remarkable climatic alteration between cool-arid and warm-humid.
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