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PHYTOLITH RECORD OF VEGETATION SUCCESSION IN THE SOUTHERN LOESS PLATEAU SINCE LATE PLEISTOCENE

Lu Houyuan; Liu Tungsheng; Wu Naiqin; Han Jiamao; Guo Zhengtang(Institute of Geology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100029)  
There are two kinds of views concerning whether there was an extensive naturalforest in the Loess Plateau since Late Pleistocene. Some researchers assert that nonatural forest has occurred on the plateau surface for at least the last 600 000a, andherb plants have been the dominant vegetation community. Forest vegetation isconsidered to be present only in a few comparatively short bine intervals in thesouthern part of the Loess Plateau during the last 100 000a. Other researchers suggested an extensive natural forest developed during historical Period, which coveredalmost three-fifth area of the plateau. The present lack of forest growth on the plateauwas explained as due to human activities. Actually, interpretation of the nearalvegetation succession on the Loess Plateau since the Late Pleistocene is of specialimportance in loess-based pale0-climatological studies as it usually serves as the basisfor interpreting environmental changes. It also provides the basic information forestimating the human impact on environmental changes.This paper presents a new result of phytolith analysis from three loess sections ofthe Late Pleistocene to characterize the natural vegetation succession in the southernpart of the Loess Plateau,especially the plain areas, through the comparison with thedistribution of modem phytolith pattern using mathematic methods.Weinan and Baoji loess-paleosol sequences are located in the southern parts of theLoess Plateau, both in the warm temperate zone with broad-leaved deciduous forestgrowth. Lanzhou loess section, in the western part of the plateau, is located in thesemi-arid temperate zone with dry steppe vegetation nowdays. In this study, Phytolithassemblege of 156 samples has been analyzed for the Weinan section, 59 samples forthe Baoji section, and 57 samples for the Lanzhou section. A great quantity ofphytoliths have been found in almost all samples. Based on the variations of phytolithassociahons in the three studied sites, 6 phytolith zones were identified for both theWeinan and Baoji sections, and 4 zones for the Lanzhou section. In order to clarifythe relationship between phytolith associations and vegetation communihes, 153 modemphytolith associations from the surface soils have been used to determine thevegetation communities related to climatic conditions. In so doing, 15 groups ofphytolith associations have been recognized, corresponding to 15 vegetationcommunities with specific climatic regimes. Using mathematic discriminant methods(Bayes' step discriminant method, the shortest distance method and para-equilibrationmethod), the authors are able to distinguish the phytolith associations from loess strataand funther relate them with corresponding vegetation communities.The results obtained show that 1) An extreme dry desert and steppe vegetationcommunity developed in the Guangzhong region of the southern pod of the LoessPlateau during the deposition period of loess L2. At the optimum period of S1developmenta broad-leaved deciduous forest and temporary forest-steppe vegetationoccurred in the Weinan area, while a forest-steppe vegetation in Baoji area waspunctuated by a few comparatively short intervals of broad-leaved deciduous forest 2)During the formation of Malan Loess (L1), in the western part of the loess Plateau adesert steppe covered the Lanzhou region, and temporary steppe and dry steppedeveloped in warmer periods. In the southern part of the Loess Plateau, typical steppeor dry steppe dominated the Weinan and Baoji areas. In the colder periods the drysteppe and desert steppe appeared, while in warmer periods forest-steppe and broad-leaved deciduous forests developed. In the Holocene, a steppe vegetation occurred inthe Lanzhou area, and a forest-steppe existed in the Guangzhong area with the broad-leaved deciduous forest growing temporarily. Thus, steppe and forest-steppe were thedominant vegetation community in the southern part of the Loess Plateau since theLate Pleistocene. Temporary forest vegetation occured only at the optimum periodswithin annual mean precipitation perhaps over 8
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金!49771078;;中国科学院"九五"重大项目!KZ951-A1-402
【CateGory Index】: Q914
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9 Jianping Zhang Key Laboratory of Cenozoic Geology and Environment, Institute of Geology and Geophysics,Chinese Academy of Sciences,P.O.Box 9825,Beijing 100029,China and Graduate University of Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing 100049,China;Houyuan Lu,Naiqin Wu and Fengjiang Li,Key Laboratory of Cenozoic Geology and Environment,Institute of Geology and Geophysics,Chinese Academy of Sciences,P.O.Box 9825,Beijing 100029,China;Xiaoyan Yang,Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing 100101,China;Weilin Wang and Mingzhi Ma,Shaanxi Provincial Institute of Archaeology,Xi'an 710001,China;Xiaohu Zhang,College of Urban and Environmental Sciences,Peking University,Beijing 100871,China;;Phytolith evidence for rice cultivation and spread in Mid-Late Neolithic archaeological sites in central North China[A];[C];2011
10 Zhang Jianping~(①②) Lü Houyuan~①Wu Naiqin~①Li Fengjiang~①Yang Xiaoyan~③Wang Weilin~④Ma Mingzhi~④Zhang Xiaohu~⑤(①Key Laboratory of Cenozoic Geology and Environment,Institute of Geology and Geophysics,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing100029;②Graduate University of Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing 100049;③Institute of Geographic Sciences and NaturalResources Research,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing 100101;④Shaanxi Provincial Institute of Archaeology,Xi'an 710001;⑤College of Urban and Environmental Sciences,Peking University,Beijing 100871);PHYTOLITH EVIDENCE OF MILLET AGRICULTURE DURING ABOUT 6000~2100aB.P.IN THE GUANZHONG BASIN,CHINA[A];[C];2011
【Secondary Citations】
Chinese Journal Full-text Database 10 Hits
1 Zhu Zhicheng (Department of Biology,Northwest University ,Xi'an 710069);BASIC FEATURES OF FOREST STEPPE IN THE LOESS PLATEAU[J];Scientia Geographica Sinica;1994-02
2 Shi Yuanchun (Beijing Agriculture Uniuersity);ON THE PEDOLOGIC GENESIS OF PALEOSOLS IN LOESS OF CHINA[J];Quaternary Sciences;1989-02
3 Sun Xiangjun (Institute of Botang, Chinese Academy of Sciences) (Xi'an Laboratory of Loess and Quaternary Geology, Chinese Academy of Sciences);A RESTUDY OF THE LATEST PLEISTOCENE PALEOVEGETATION AT BEIZHUANGCUN, SHAANXI PROVINCE, NORTHERN CHINA[J];Quaternary Sciences;1989-02
4 Guo Zhengtang (Institute of Geology, Chinese Academy of Sciences) N. Fedoroff (Service des Sciences du Sol, INA-P. G., France) Liu tung sheng (Institute of Geology, Chinese Academy of Sciences);PALEOSOLS AS EVIDENCE OF DIFFERENCE OF CLIMATES BETWEEN HOLOCENE AND THE LAST INTERGLACIAL[J];Quaternary Sciences;1993-01
5 Guo Zhengtang; Liu Tungsheng (Institute of Geology, Chinese Academy of Sciences)An Zhisheng (Xi'an Laboratory of Loess and Quaternary Geology, Chinese Academy of Sciences);PALEOSOLS OF THE LAST 0.15Ma IN THE WEINAN LOESS SECTION AND THEIR PALEOCLIMATIC SIGNIFICANCE[J];Quaternary Sciences;1994-03
6 Wu Naiqin (Institute of Geology, Chinese Academy of Sciences)La Houyuan(First Institute of Oceanography, State Oceanic Administration)Sun Xiangjun(Institute of Bolany, Chinese Academy of Sciences)Guo Zhengtang;Liu Jiaqi;Han Jiamao (Institute of Geology, C;CLIMATE TRANSFER FUNCTION FROM OPAL PHYTOLITH AND ITS APPLICATION IN PALEOCLIMATE RECONSTRUCTION OF CHINA LOESSPALEOSOL SEQUENCE[J];Quaternary Sciences;1994-03
7 Ding Zhongli(Institute of Geology, Chinses Academy of Sciences) Yu Zhiwei(Dtpartment ot Geology, Chisq..UNirersity of Micaing add Technology);FORCING MECHANISMS OF PALEOMONSOONS OVER EAST ASIA[J];QUATERNARY SCIENCES;1995-01
8 Zhu Zhicheng (Department of Biology, Northwest University);PRELIMINARY STUDIES ON THE JUNIPERUS RIGIDA OPEN WOOD IN THE LOESS PLATEAU OF NORTHERN SHAANXI PROVINCE[J];Scientia Silvae Sinicae;1991-04
9 Zhu Zhi cheng (Northwest University) Huang Ke (Shaanxi Normal University) Cui Jian (Xian Institute of Garde);Type and succession of the pinus tabulaeformis forests on woodland of loess plateau in North Shaanxi province[J];Journal of Shaanxi Normal University(Natural Science Edition);1991-03
10 Zhu Zhicheng(Department of Biology, Northwest University, Xian 710069);A PRELIMINARY STUDY ON THE PLATYCLADUS ORIENTALIS OPEN FOREST IN THE LOESS PLATEAU OF NORTHERN SHAANXI PROVINCE[J];Journal of Wuhan Botanical Research;1993-01
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