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《Quaternary Sciences》 2001-01
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BLOWING-SAND AND SANDSTORM IN CHINA IN RECENT 45 YEARS

Zhou Zijiang (National Meteorological Center, Beijing 100081)  
Based on the available high-quality surface-meteorological observation data from 681 stations in China from 1954 to 1998, investigation has been conducted for the temporal and spatial distribution characteristics, especially for interdecadal change and long-term trend of blowing-sand and sandstorm (BSS) in China in recent 45 years. Among the 681 stations, there are 355 stations with 45 years record, and 628 stations with more than 40 years record. According to the analyses on number of BSS's days of these stations, the following results are noted: (1) Northwest China is BSS's high-incidence area with two evident centers. Further-more, North China, Northeast China and Tibetan Plateau are main areas influenced by BSS. There are a few blowing-sand events even in the middle and lower reaches of the Changjiang River. (2) Judging by six typical representative stations, the seasonal variation of BSS can be expressed approximately by three patterns: 1) the highest frequency in spring; 2) the highest frequency in late winter and early spring; 3) multi-frequency in spring and summer. (3) In recent 45 years, the number of BSS's days is increased at a few stations in Qinghai, Xinjiang and Inner Mongolia, but decreased in the most northern parts of the country. This conclusion is drawn after F-testing, in which the credit a equals 0.05. (4) In the past 45 years, the interannual change and secular trend of BSS are consistent with the variations of high wind. The correlation coefficient between the number of BSS's days and the number of high-wind's days is generally higher than 0.5 at single station. The BSS's decreasing after 1970's caused by high-wind's decreasing may be an expression of climatic semi-periodic variation.
【Fund】: 国家气象中心攻关项目!(批准号:ZX9505)
【CateGory Index】: P445.4
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