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《Quaternary Sciences》 2002-02
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RECENT GEO-ENVIRONMENTAL CHANGES IN THE BOHAI BAY COAST

Zhong Xinbao\ \ Kang Hui (Tianjin Institute of Geology and Mineral Resources, China Geological Survey, Tianjin 300170)  
Geological environmental changes during the recent time in the Bohai Bay muddy coast have been very striking.The main characteristics are: decrease of wetlands and marshes, destruction of cheniers and oyster reefs, landward recession of the MHWST shoreline and seaward progradation of the MLWST shoreline (i.e. widening of the intertidal zone), vertical accumulation of mud and fine sand on the intertidal flat and in estuaries, and extension of cities and towns. These changes, usually on the scale of 10 to 10 2 a, are different from either the fast changes like earthquake, slide and mud flow or long life geological processes, such as development of cheniers and oyster reefs which need at least several hundred years. We, thus, called these ten to hundred year changes as the 'relatively fast changes', being easily perceived by one or two generations. These are indeed even more dangerous than those instantaneous disasters and long time processes for the muddy coastal zones where have been densely populated and most economically developed both in China and on the world. On the basis of shallow strata geological mapping (1∶50,000), including high resolution Eijkelkamp hand auger investigation for the mid and late Holocene coastal muddy sediments, systematic digital processing was carried out by using MAPGIS and PCI softwares for the maps of the period 1915~1989 with various scales from 1∶100,000, 1∶50,000 to 1∶10,000, and the TM/MSS images of remote sensing of the period 1976~1997 with the scale 1∶100,000. This systematic work was refined by a set of aerophotos of 1950's and 1970's, respectively. Consequently, two dimensional (2D) vectorial pictures were obtained. Through comparisons, these pictures show remarkable geo environmental changes along the Bohai Bay coast in the past hundred years, including 1) the area of the natural wetland and marshes/lagoons decreased by 50%; 2) as two famous components, the cheniers and oyster reefs were seriously damaged; 3) the shoreline of the mean high water spring tide (MHWST) has been retreated for several hundred meters while the shoreline of the mean low water spring tide (MLWST) has been extended farther seaward. The intertidal zone was widened from 3 to 5 km; and 4) cities and towns dramaticallly extended. As a part of the existing coastal geological mapping investigations along the Bohai Bay coast, the digital processing of various maps and topographic images is useful for the coastal sustainable development and infrastructure management
【Fund】: 中国地质调查局国土资源大调查项目 (批准号 :1 0 0 2 0 1 0 94和 0 1 992 0 1 0 5 4 )
【CateGory Index】: P737
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