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《Quaternary Sciences》 2004-03
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CORALLINE Sr/Ca and Mg/Ca THERMOMETER FOR THE NORTHERN SOUTH CHINASEA:CALIBRATION AND PRIMARY APPLICATION ON HIGH-RESOLUTIONSST RECONSTRUCTING

Wei Gangjian ① Yu Kefu ② Li Xianhua ① Zhao Jianxin ①④ Sun Yali ③ Sun Min ③ Nie Baofu ② (① Guangzhou Institute of Geochemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Guangzhou 510640;② South China Sea Institute of Oceanology,Chinese Academy of Sciences, Guangzhou 510301;③ Earth Science Department, the University of Hongkong, Pokfulam Rd., Hongkong; ④ Earth Science Department, the University of Queensland, Brisban, Qld 4072, Australia)  
The method for precisely and simultaneously measuring the coralline Sr/Ca and Mg/Ca ratios was established using inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometry (ICP-AES). Using this method, the high-resolution Sr/Ca and Mg/Ca ratios of two Porites lutea from Sanya, South Hainan Island and Xisha Islands were measured. By comparing to the instrumentally measured sea surface temperatures in these two areas, the coralline Sr/Ca thermometer and the Mg/Ca thermometer were calibrated. These two thermometers can provide SST records with an error bar 0.2℃, and they are suitable for high-resolution SST reconstructions in these areas. Based on these two thermometers, two short SST records were reconstructed from two Holocene Porites corals of the northern South China Sea. The results indicated that the monthly summer SSTs in Xisha Islands at about 540 years ago (the Little Ice Age) were 1℃ lower than that at present, and the monthly summer SSTs in Sanya, southern Hainan Island at 6 500 years ago (the Megathermal) were about 1℃ to 1 5℃ higher than that at present.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金项目 (批准号 :4980 3 0 0 3 40 0 2 83 0 2和 40 2 3 10 0 9)资助
【CateGory Index】: P731.1
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