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《Quaternary Sciences》 2005-06
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ESTIMATING TIMES OF QUATERNARY TECTONIC EPISODES IN THE BOHAI SEA BASED ON GEOMORPHIC FEATURES OF SURROUNDING MOUNTAINOUS AREAS

Xu Jie~① Ma Zongjin~① Chen Guoguang~① Gong Zaisheng~② Deng Qidong~① Gao Xianglin~①Zhang Gongcheng~② Cai Dongsheng~② Zhang Jin~① Zhao Junmeng~③(①Institute of Geology, Chioa Earthquake Administration, Beijing 100029; ②Institute of Exploration,Research Center of China National Offshore Oil Corporation, Gaobeidian 074010; ③Institute of Tibetan Plateau Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100085)  
The Bohai Sea is located in the eastern part of a Cenozoic rift basin, the Bohai Bay Basin in North China. Recently fine interpretation and analysis have been made to the Quaternary System and its structure in the Bohai Sea by using three-dimensional seismic exploration data. It is found out that there broadly exist four unconformable interfaces (angle and plane unconformity) in the strata, indicating four tectonic activities. Due to the lack of complete core profiles of the Quaternary System in the Bohai Sea, it is difficult to make precise systematic division and dating analysis of the strata. The exact time of every tectonic activity can neither be determined. To solve this problem, we attempt to use the geomorphic features of the surrounding mountainous areas to estimate the tectonic episodes of Quaternary in the Bohai Sea. The basic rationale is that the subsidence of the Bohai Bay Basin is associated with the uplift of its surrounding mountainous areas, which produced multi-grade river terraces in Quaternary time. Previous studies indicate that the North China region experienced extensive erosion and leveling off in Late Cretaceous time (95~65MaB.P.), leading to large-scaled peneplanation and finally resulting in a wide peneplain of the Beitai period. Afterwards, Cenozoic rifting made this peneplain broken down, subsiding to become basins, inlcuding the Bohai Bay Basin. Meanwhile, the surrounding areas uplifted to form mountains. When this process tended to be stable in Pliocene, the valleys and piedmonts in the mountainous areas reached the peneplain state, forming the leveling plane of the Tangxian period with wide valleys intervening with residual hills. Correspondingly, the basin-range system in the Bohai Bay Basin of Eocene was covered with the Oligocene Series which constituted the base for the Quaternary landforms. With intermittent uplift of mountainous areas in Cenozoic, river terraces of four grades developed widely below the leveling off plan of the Tangxian period. By using a great number of dating data of sediment in the terraces, statistic analysis is performed in this study to determine the stages of intermittent uplift of the mountainous areas. Comparing these stages with the sedimentary processes of the Bohai Bay Basin in Quaternary, in conjunction with the dating data of Quaternary volcanic rocks on the edge of Bohai Sea, we estimate that the Quaternary System in the Bohai Sea has four times of unconformity formation, 900~400kaB.P., 100~80kaB.P., 50~40kaB.P., and 10~8kaB.P., i.e., late Early Pleistocene -early Middle Pleistocene, early Late Pleistocene, middle Late Pleistocene, and Early Holocene.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金项目(批准号:40238059)资助
【CateGory Index】: P542
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