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《Quaternary Sciences》 2006-02
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EVOLUTION OF PERMAFROST AND ENVIRONMENTAL CHANGES OF COLD REGIONS IN EASTERN AND INTERIOR QINGHAI-TIBETAN PLATEAU SINCE THE HOLOCENE

Jin Huijun Zhao Lin Wang Shaoling Guo Dongxin (State Key Laboratory of Frozen Soils Engineering and Cryosphere Research Station of the Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau,Cold and Arid Regions Environmental and Engineering Research Institute,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Lanzhou730000)  
The main body of the permafrost layers on the Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau is the remnant of the Last Glaciation in the end of the Late Pleistocene,which has been evolving under a changing climate since the Holocene,forming the present distribution patterns of permafrost.The principal criteria for identifying the presence of relict permafrost include the remains of ancient permafrost and periglacial phenomena.The former includes the deeply buried or double layered permafrost,relict permafrost tables,talik,and thick layered ground ice.The latter includes pingo scars,cryoturbation and solifluctions,primary sand and soil wedges,ice wedge casts,aeolian sand and loess,and thick peat and humus.Based on comprehensive and comparative analyses on the ~(14)C-dated soils,spatial and temporal distributions and their differentiations of relict and present permafrosts and periglacial phenomena,the evolution of permafrost along with the environmental changes of cold regions since the Holocene is divided into 6 discernible stages: 1) the period of dramatically changed climate in the Early Holocene(10800aB.P.to 8500~7000aB.P.),2) the megathermal period in the Middle Holocene(8500~7000aB.P.to 4000~3000aB.P.),3) the cold period in the Late Holocene(4000~3000aB.P.to 1000aB.P.),4) the warm period in the Late Holocene(1000aB.P.to 500aB.P.),5) the Little Ice Age(500aB.P.to 100aB.P.),and 6) the recent warming period during the last 100 years.The development,distribution and total areas of each stage are estimated based on paleo-climatic and paleo-geographical evidence.
【Fund】: 中国科学院知识创新工程重要方向项目(批准号:KZCX3-SW-339-03);; 中国科学院“百人计划”项目;; 中国科学院知识创新工程重大项目(批准号:KZCX1-SW-04-03)共同资助
【CateGory Index】: P642.14
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