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《Quaternary Sciences》 2007-01
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TEMPORAL AND SPATIAL VARIATION OF CARBON ISOTOPIC COMPOSITION OF CORAL Porites IN THE SOUTH CHINA SEA AND THE ENVIRONMENTAL CAUSES

Su Ruixia ①② Sun Donghuai ③ Zhu Zhaoyu ① Chen Xiaoming ④(①Guangzhou Institute of Geochemistry,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Guangzhou 510640;②South China Sea Institute of Oceanology,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Guangzhou 510301;③Key Laboratory of Western China's Environmental Systems(Ministry of Education),College of Earth and Environment Sciences,Lanzhou University, Lanzhou 730000;④Nanjing Institute of Geology and Palaeontology,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Nanjing 210008)  
Coral colonies of Porites lutea and P.lobata were collected from the eastern and southern offshore areas of the Hainan Island in the South China Sea.Oxygen and carbon isotope ratios were analyzed along the main growth axis of the coral colonies at monthly resolution in order to investigate seasonal,annual,and decadal trend of coral δ 13C variations as well as their association with monsoonal climate.The results indicate that seasonal variation of coral δ 18O is mostly controlled by sea surface temperature.Based on a time scale constructed from the correlation of coral δ 18O and sea surface temperature,seasonal changes of coral δ 13C are found to be in phase with solar radiation.We therefore suggest that light induced photosynthesis may modulate most of seasonal features of coral δ 13C.Since solar radiation is mainly determined by cloud coverage,the association between coral δ 13C and solar radiation enables us to reconstruct seasonal and annual variation of solar radiation and cloudiness when astronomical effect is considered.A remarkable decadal trend of coral δ 13C record of the past 30 years is the abrupt decrease of annual minimum around 1987,resulting in a decreased amplitude of annual fluctuation.This coral δ 13C shift corresponds statistically with local solar radiation record.At the same time,there is a generally decreasing trend of coral δ 13C over the past 15 years.This trend is consistent with seawater composition indicated by salinity,and is best explained as the consequence of changes in atmospheric CO_ 2 concentration.The spatial differentiation of seasonal fluctuations of three coral δ 13C records is characterized by a lower annual minimum,lower mean value,and larger annual amplitude at Qionghai to the offshore east of the Hainan Island;and by a higher annual minimum,higher mean value and smaller annual amplitude at Sanya to the offshore south of the Hainan Island.Comparison with marine environmental changes supports the suggestion that these spatial differences are mainly the result of differences in seawater composition in the two regions.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金项目(批准号:90411012);; 兰州大学引进人才专项经费“中国内陆干旱化历史的代表性剖面研究”项目资助
【CateGory Index】: P597
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