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《Quaternary Sciences》 2007-05
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QUATERNARY GLACIAL CHRONOLOGY IN QINGHAI-XIZANG PLATEAU

Zhao Zhizhong① Qian Fang① Liu Zongxiu① Tian Guoqiang① Li Mingze①Miao Qi① Tan Zhengbing② J.M.Schaefer③ P.Oberholzer③S.Strasky③ Ch.Schlüechter④ Wu Xihao①(①Institute of Geomechanics, Chinese Academy of Geological Sciences, Beijing 100081; ②College of Geoscience and Resource,Chinese University of Geoscience,Beijing 100083; ③ETH Zürich, Isotope Geology and Mineral Resources, NO-C61, CH-8092 Zürich, Switzerland; ④Universitt Bern, Geologisches Institut, CH-3012 Bern, Switzerland)  
There are typical moraines in four areas in the Qinghai-Xizang Plateau. We obtained data of the moraines age through surface exposure age dating. Three glaciations have been recognized near the Nielamu County, in subsequence formed during 51.7~93.7kaB.P., 113.5~203.4kaB.P., and 268.1~321.5kaB.P.Older glaciation in Xixiabangma and Nieniexiongla are believed to exist near the county. The exposure age dating of glacial erratic boulders confirms two glaciations in Tanggula, and the ages are about 70.5kaB.P. and 162.3~210.0kaB.P. By the analysis of geological and morphologic features, an older moraine in the high terrace, south to the Tanggula is discovered. The exposure age dating of glacial boulders in Haizishan and Zheduoshan confirms the last glaciation, the Heinrich Event 1, and the Younger Dryas. Based on geological and morphologic features of the highest terrace boulder in Haizishan, the exposure age might be younger than the actual one. Although we have obtained this first set of data of exposure ages of moraines in the plateau, the temporal and spatial frame of the Quaternary glaciations in the plateau is not yet known completely. With dating of moraine in more places in the plateau, we hope to understand Quaternary glaciations in this region better, which will play important role in the PAGES.
【Fund】: 中国地质调查局地质调查项目(批准号:200312300034);; 国家自然科学基金项目(批准号:40472088)资助
【CateGory Index】: P343.6
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