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《Quaternary Sciences》 2014-02
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APPRAISAL OF ACTIVE TECTONIC IN BAILONGJIANG BASIN BASED ON DEM DATA

Chang Zhiyang;Wang Jian;Bai Shibiao;Zhang Zhigang;School of Geographical Sciences,Nanjing Normal University;Key Laboratory of Virtual Geographical Environment,Ministry of Education,Nanjing Normal University;  
Geomorphic indexes are useful tools for studying different spatial intensity of tectonic activity.Bailongjiang drainage basin with an area about 31808km~2 is located in the transition zone between the Tibetan Plateau and the Loess Plateau where it's one of the most serious debris flow,landslide disaster area.It originates from Guo'ermang Mountain and is the largest tributary of the upper reaches of Jialingjiang.The main stream drains from northwest to southeast with the relief more than 2500 m,and the length is 576 km.Tributaries develop along the main stream such as Baishuijiang,Dalagou,Lazigou,Minjiang and so on.It's important to study the tectonic activity due to the impact of different activity faults and the different tectonic activity.Based on the SRTM 3-DEM data and the technique of GIS,several tectonic geomorphic indexes which include stream-gradient index(SL),hypsometric integral(HI),drainage basin asymmetry(AF),drainage basin shape(BS),valley floor width-valley height ratio(VF)are extracted from 33 sub-basins of Bailongjiang drainage basin.These indexes were combined to yield the relative tectonics index(Iat)using geographic information system.Iat is an index of relative active tectonics,which is obtained by the average of the different classes of geomorphic indexes to access the relative tectonic activity.Based on Iat values,the study area was divided into four parts:Class 1(very high relative tectonic activity,5.5%in area,1463km~2);Class 2(high,54%,14343km~2);Class 3(moderate,24.1%,6417km~2);and Class 4(low,16.4%,4363km~2).It shows that the value of Iat(Iat≤2)in upstream and midstream is classified into high and very high,this is due to the impact of uplift of Tibetan Plateau and the activity faults in this region.The downstream of Bailongjiang basin has low activity,and the faults in this region have low activity too.The results are consistent with the geological background.It provides a new perspective for discussing the relative activity strength in drainage basin.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金项目(批准号:40871010);; 南京师范大学全国优秀博士论文培养项目(批准号:2012BS0005)共同资助
【CateGory Index】: P931.2;P542
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