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《Journal of the Fourth Military Medical University》 2006-04
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Effect of stress reduction program on mental health of soldiers

LIU Qing-Feng1, WANG Jia-Tong1, ZHAO Jin-Ping1, HUANG Yin-Liang2, ZHANG Tie-Guang2 1Department of Psychology, School of Aerospace Medicine, Fourth Military Medical University, Xi'an 710033, China, 2PLA 68332 Unit, Weinan 714000, China  
AIM: To study the effect of stress reduction program which combines the relaxation technique and reason-emotion education on the mental health of soldiers in their routine military lives. METHODS: One hundred and ninety-three soldiers were selected and divided into 3 groups: stress reduction program group (SRP, n=63), relaxation training group(RT, n=64) and control group (C, n=66). For 8 weeks, stress reduction program was performed in SRP group and progressive relaxation training in RT group, respectively. In C group, no training and only psychological test was performed. Symptom Checklist 90 (SCL-90) and Index of Well-Being were used to assess the effect. RESULTS: After the intervention, the difference of the total score of SCL-90 and some indicators, such as somatization, obsessive-compulsive disorder and psychoticism were significant (P0.05). The total score of SCL-90 and the factor scores of obsessive-compulsive disorder, depression, paranoid and psychoticism in the SRP group were significantly lower than those of the control group (P 0.05). The factor of somatization in the RT group was significantly lower than that of the control group (P0.05). There was no significant difference (P0.05) in the score of Index of Well-Being. CONCLUSION: Stress reduction program is an effective measure to improve the mental health of the soldiers in their routine military lives.
【Fund】: 全军“十五”指令性课题(01L072)
【CateGory Index】: E0-051
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