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《Journal of the Fourth Military Medical University》 2008-06
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Morphological study on human mandible of the population from Emperor Qin Shihuang's Mausoleum about 2200 years ago

YANG Nan1,SHAO Jin-Ling1,DUAN Qing-Bo2 1 Department of Orthodontics,College of Stomatology,Fourth Military Medical University,Xi'an 710033,2The Shaanxi archaeological Institute,Xi'an 710033,China  
AIM:To find out the characteristics of mandible of the people in Qin dynasty about 2200 years ago through the observation and measurement of mandible sample excavated from Emperor Qin Shihuang's Mausoleum.METHODS:Forty-nine well preserved samples were selected.Metric and non-metric studies were carried out respectively.0-360°omnipotent angle ruler and digital vernial caliper were used for three dimension measurements.Non-metric traits were recorded by observation.Data obtained were analyzed by SPSS13.0.RESULTS:All data of measurements by three dimensions were reported for the first time.No statistic differences were found among different age groups except mandibular angle(P0.05).The position of mental foramen was mainly under the second premolar,and there were more oval arch forms in mandible.CONCLUSIONS:The study provides some data for human anthropology and human mandible evolution.
【Fund】: 西安市社发攻关课题(GG05165)
【CateGory Index】: K872
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